History of Barangay Dolores
The present official name is Barrio Dolores although the Barrio has undergone two geographical phases – the Old Dolores which was founded 177 years (1776) ago and abandoned in July 1948; and new Dolores which was settled in 1948 by the people from Old Dolores
The popular name is Dolores although it is known as Engineer Bus- bus commuter or riders. This barrio was called Dolores in honor of the Patron Saint Dolores who has miraculous powers.
The Old Dolores which is now part of Clark Field Air Base included the sitios of Salbac, Biria, Biabas, Hacienda Concepcion and Talimunduc. The New Dolores (the present barrio) was once the sitios of Bana and mamatitang.
The old Dolores was established in 1776 while new Dolores was founded in 1948.
The old Dolores was founded by Jose Maria Henson from Angeles (Culiat). The barrio at that time was the meeting place of Pampangos from Angeles and Negrito hunters from the Municayu Mountains.
In the Old Dolores the first Tiniente or Headman was the founder, Jose Maria Henson followed by the following:
- Victor Tanglao, Sr.
- Nicolas Henson
- Pantaleon Maglalang
- Cifriano Sison
- Nicasio Magtanong
- Mariano Tanglao
- Marcelo Mejia
- Venecio Tanglao
- Dalmacio Concepcion
- Isabelo Munoz
- Eulogio Medina
- Doroteo Balagtas, etc.
The Old Dolores, the original place where the present people of New Dolores once lived, was a rolling plain, bounded by high hills. It was once a meeting place of Pampangos and Negritos who traded cloth, wild fruits, rattan, gogo bark, deer meat, and logs. This barrio was situated near the vicinity of Fort Stotsenburg now a part of Clark Field Air Base. Salbac, a sitio of Old Dolores wa full of salbac plants; Talimunduc was so called because it was located on an elevated place, and Biria was so named because of the many biria trees there.
We come to New Dolores. This new barrio was once the sugarcane plantation of Don Marcelo Tiglao and Atty. Francisco Siopongco, Sr.
In the Old Barrio Dolores, because of its proximity to Clark Field Air Base, was once the scene of a fence battle between the Japances garrison soldiers and the American liberation forces. You will find out along the banks of the brooks and nearby hills Japanese dugouts, pill boxes and other trenches still there.
Some of the important facts and incidents that took place were the following:
- Spanish Occupation – During the Revolution a Filipino contingent was organized under Bernardo Tanglao, Sr. who suffered personal indignities by the enemies because he refused to reveal the names of his companions.
- During the American Occupation to World War II – As soon as peace was established by the American Civil Government people from the Poblacion, Bamban, and Angeles Began to flock to the Old Barrio where they engaged themselves in farming and the rest obtained employment in Camp Stotsenburg. While peace was everywhere, something happened in 1912 when the people were ejected from their homes by the owner of the land.
Every year, the people have a barrio fiesta. Colors by parade both civic and religious, beauty contest, athletic game and be a native zarzuela, the fiesta used to be a pompous one. In every home, everybody was welcomed.
The early punishment was in human. The guilty of the criminal was given fifty (one cavan mirurungut) lashes.
One legendary figure topped all supermen of flores. He was Jose Maria Henson, the founder of Old Dolores. It was said that this man possessed a sword having a magic power. One day a traveler asked for a light from Henson to light his cigarette. Henson gave the point of his sword and the cigarette was lighted. The stranger was not to be outdone. He threw his ball of thread into the house of Henson and all of a sudden all the persons in the house were bound hands and feet. Henson in feet of hanger threw his sword at the traveler and the latter could not move.
The early people used to sing the “dalit”, “basultu”, “passion”, and Spanish Polkas. These songs were about the dream of a mother to have her son become a priest of Rome or a Doctor of Medicine. Some of these songs were about the bravery and strength of Bernardo Carpio, Supla-Supling, and Pugut Negro.
The games were Roman wrestling, tug of war carabao racing, “maro”, “lucsuanan tinic” and “tucupan silim”. With the coming of the American soldiers, the people learned to play softball, basketball, baseball, golf, and track and field.
The amusements consisted of cock-fighting, “cuajo”, “monte”, “rifa”, “domino”, “jueteng” “lotu” and “arnis de mano” (fencing).
Among their puzzles and riddles were the following:
- “Lalabas cu, tindus nacu” Amorseco (sulput)
- “Daralan que, darala nacu” Wooden shoes
- “minutes at inutusan, pareju lang e dinatang”
Proverbs and Sayings:
- “Ing luksu ning gaindung cambing, ing biseru anti murin”
- “Ing pusang macabaluctut, dui man eya macapulut”
- “Ing batung parating durugang, eya milumutan capilan man”
- “Nung ninu ing minumang migpalpatuc, ya ing minatut”
- “Sakit ning calingkingan, panamdaman ne ning mabilug a catauan”
- “Ing cabayung alang rienda, capilitan managuinis ya”
- “Eca magsisti, pota lura naca ning tucu”
- “Mayu ca manatsa, magsalamin capang capsa”
- “Balu me ing busbus carayum, eme balu ing busbus ning palacul”
- “Ustung ating asuc, ating api”
- “Ing awac sasabian na ing laguiu na”
- “Emaglayunan ing pari nung e qng calupa nang pari”
- “Patie matni ya ing tukil, ala yang laman”
- “Ing paro macabaluctut, idalene ning masalusung agus”
In measuring the time of the day, they used the sun, the crowing of the cocks, the position of the star (Tala) and the moon
In computing the number of months of the year, they used the phases of the moon which takes place every 29 days which makes one year.
Once Bernardo Carpio and Kargon – Kargon had a battle-both possessing unbelievable strength. Bernardo Carpio had his abode at the top of Mount Pinatubu and Kargon-Kargon lived at the top of Arayat. Bernardo Carpio in his uncontrollable rage picked a boulder as big as a church and the boulder struck the summit of Mount Arayat and so the summit of Mount Arayat was indented or broken.
During World War II, people suffered hardships. Many were punished by the Japanese Soldiers. Several joined the Guerrilla forces-Hukbalahaps and Usaffe. The Medina Family joined the Usaffe saw actions in O’ Donnel Lawy, Capas, Umiray Rizal town, Bongabong and Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija from 1942 to 1946.
During the Japanese Occupation, many people of Hacienda Concepcion and Dolores were incarcerated by the Japanese Retreating Contingent.
Part 2: Folkways
The people were very superstitious in their beliefs of sickness, marriage and the raising of crops. A family blamed a “Mangkukulam” for the sickness of the members of the family. In marriage, the newly weds should not live together immediately on the night after marriage. Many people believed that in planting food crops you have to wait for the new moon.
In courting, if a young man wanted to court a girl, he should tell it to a third person. If given encouragement, he continued to visit the girl regularly that is every Saturday night. He limited the visit to one hour only. He should do this for six to ten solid years. If the father of the girl needed helpers in harvesting his crops or mending his house, the young man sent his father or the barrio Philosopher to express his heart’s desire. When the parents of the girl have given their consent, then the marriage took place. The ceremony was observed by the butchering of pigs, carabaos and cows.
Death was believed to be the will of God and the dead should receive the sacrament from the ministers of the Catholic Church.
Truthful and honest governance with a higher determination to work diligently in order to attain our vision.
We envision Barangay Dolores to be an ideal community to live on with a God-fearing and respectable, law-abiding citizen.